Steven J. Hollenhorst¹ and Howard L. Sharfstein²

Summary

We propose an institutional framework, organizational design, and financing system — based on current law and markets — to acquire and secure legal rights to subterranean and biogenic carbon reserves on behalf of the public, including future generations. A network of non-profit organizations called “carbon conservation trusts” will work with landholders to protect and enhance their carbon reserves and decarbonize their operations in exchange for financial compensation or a share of validated carbon credits.

Combining elements of (i) land trusts, (ii) workforce development programs, (iii) cooperative extension, and (iv) green finance, carbon trusts will secure non-possessory interests in carbon reserves…


July 25, 2021. Yay, the last day! Today I finish up the trip by riding to Canal Park on Lake Superior, in Duluth. The day started by Bob letting me off around the construction east of Grand Rapids. The entire highway was closed down, both directions for repaving. that left about 65 miles to finish things off.

And what a great day it was. Cool temperatures, mostly downhill, and final on this last day, a stiff wind at my back blowing me like a sail.

The country I rode through on the way to Duluth is called the Sax-Zim bog…


July 24, 2021. I was fortunate to spend the last couple nights of this crazy adventure with my childhood friend Bob Jones. Bob is building a little cabin on Bello Lake, just north of Highway 2, and by chance he was up at the cabin for the weekend. Here’s a shot of the cute-as-button cabin he’s building.

The counters and cabinets aren’t in and the water isn’t hooked up yet, and there’s a porta-potty for a bathroom, but it was still an amazing place to be for the last couple nights of the trip, hanging out with Bob and his…


July 23, 2021. This morning Todd drove me back from his place to Hwy 2. Just east of Fosston I rode over the continental divide, out of the Hudson Bay Watershed, where the Red River flows, and into the Mississippi Watershed.

Much of this part of the ride went through the White Earth Indian Reservation (Ojibwe: , lit. “Where there is an abundance of white clay”) the home to the White Earth Band, and the largest Indian reservation in Minnesota by land area.

Community members often prefer to identify as Anishinaabe or Ojibwe rather than Chippewa, a corruption of Ojibwe…


July 22, 2021. Having gone to bed super early the night before, it was easy to get up early and start riding in the dark. The weather report was not good, with hotter and windier conditions predicted. But I only had 71 miles to go to my destination, my friends Todd and Nancy Pearson, who live outside of Fosston, MN.

The wind was again right in my face, which slowed my pace to 9–10 mph, but beyond that, construction was a continual problem, with 2 of the 4 lanes under construction virtually the whole way. In some places the construction…


July 21, 2021. Another predawn start for the 95 mile push to East Grand Forks, on the Minnesota-side of the Red River from Grand Forks, ND.

It was basically another day of fighting the strange southeast winds, but at least today they came a bit more from the south, allowing me to keep up a decent pace.

I rolled into East Grand Forks around 1 and went straight to a campground right in the heart of the two towns, right on the River. It’s called the Red River State Recreation Area, but historically it was the Sherlock Neighborhood of East…


July 20, 2021. Glorious cloud cover today, partly I think from the smoke of wildfires. So I stole a march from the sun and heat and wind. Instead of stopping for the day at the halfway point in Rugby I kept going, 126 miles to Devils Lake. I got up super early again and enjoyed the cool temperatures to crank off the first 45 miles to towner, where I had what’s become my go-to place for food, the Cenex stations, which are often the only places with food in these small towns. …


July 22, 2021. Having gone to bed super early the night before, it was easy to get up early and start riding in the dark. The weather report was not good, with hotter and windier conditions predicted. But I only had 71 miles to go to my destination, my friends Todd and Nancy Pearson, who live outside of Fosston, MN.

The wind was again right in my face, which slowed my pace to 9–10 mph, but beyond that, construction was a continual problem, with 2 of the 4 lanes under construction virtually the whole way. In some places the construction…


July 21, 2021. Another predawn start for the 95 mile push to East Grand Forks, on the Minnesota-side of the Red River from Grand Forks, ND.

It was basically another day of fighting the strange southeast winds, but at least today they came a bit more from the south, allowing me to keep up a decent pace.

I rolled into East Grand Forks around 1 and went straight to a campground right in the heart of the two towns, right on the River. It’s called the Red River State Recreation Area, but historically it was the Sherlock Neighborhood of East…


July 20, 2021. Glorious cloud cover today, partly I think from the smoke of wildfires. So I stole a march from the sun and heat and wind. Instead of stopping for the day at the halfway point in Rugby I kept going, 126 miles to Devils Lake. I got up super early again and enjoyed the cool temperatures to crank off the first 45 miles to towner, where I had what’s become my go-to place for food, the Cenex stations which are often the only places with food in these small towns. …

steve hollenhorst

Professor and Dean: Huxley College of the Environment at Western Washington University. Founder: McCall Outdoor Science School and the West Virginia Land Trust.

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